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Phase transitions and molecular timing in T cell signaling

Date: Monday, October 21, 2019 16:00 - 17:00
Speaker: Jay T. Groves (University of California, Berkeley)
Location: Raiffeisen Lecture Hall, Central Building
Series: Institute colloquium
Host: Martin Loose
Contact: Arinya Eller
Central building lecture hall

Abstract:

Activation of T cell receptors (TCR) by agonist peptide major histocompatibility complex (pMHC) molecules is the front line of the adaptive immune response.  T cells discriminate among different pMHC based on molecular binding dwell time between pMHC and TCR, and this discrimination is widely considered to utilize a kinetic proofreading mechanism.  After TCR activation, activated ZAP70 kinase at the TCR phosphorylates the scaffold molecule, LAT.  It has recently been realized that LAT undergoes a protein condensation phase transition on the membrane surface, in a phosphorylation dependent manner.  In this talk I will focus on the mechanism of LAT condensation and possible roles for this phase transition in the context of T cell signaling.

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