Quantum spin systems are many-body models which are of interest in modern physics and at the same time amenable to rigorous mathematical analysis. A central question about a quantum spin system is whether its Hamiltonian operator exhibits a spectral gap above the ground state. The existence of a spectral gap has far-reaching consequences for the low-energy physics and the ground state complexity. In this talk, we survey recent progress on deriving spectral gaps for frustration-free quantum spin systems in dimensions greater than 1, e.g., in antiferromagnetic models of Affleck-Kennedy-Lieb-Tasaki (AKLT).

IST Austria, Am Campus 1, 3400 Klosterneuburg, Austria www.ist.ac.at © IST 2021