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Mechanics of blastocyst morphogenesis

Date: Friday, July 30, 2021 11:00 - 12:00
Speaker: Jean-Leon Maitre (Institut Curie Paris)
Location: Mondi Seminar Room 2, Central Building
Series: Life Sciences Seminar
Host: Carl-Philipp Heisenberg
Contact: MALLY Alexandra

During pre-implantation development, the mammalian embryo forms the blastocyst. The architecture of the blastocyst is essential to the specification of the first mammalian lineages and to the implantation of the embryo. Consisting of an epithelium enveloping a fluid-filled lumen and the inner cell mass, the blastocyst is sculpted by a succession of morphogenetic events. These deformations result from the changes in the forces and mechanical properties of the tissue composing the embryo. Combining microscopy, image analysis, biophysical tools and genetics, we study the mechanical and cellular changes leading to the formation of the blastocyst. In particular, we uncovered how pulsatile contractility compacts the mouse embryo, how asymmetric division of contractile domains couples cell positioning and specification, and how hydraulic fracturing and active coarsening position the lumen of the mouse blastocyst.
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