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Passing Messages while Sharing Memory

Date: Tuesday, November 27, 2018 15:30 - 16:30
Speaker: Naama Ben-David (Carnegie Mellon University)
Location: Meeting room 2nd floor / Central Bldg. (I01.2OG.)
Series: Mathematics and CS Seminar
Host: Dan Alistarh
Contact: AVNI Guy

The shared-memory and message-passing models have traditionally been studied separately in the distributed computing community. However, recent trends in hardware have led to machines that may use both shared memory and message-passing primitives. Motivated by these trends, we consider a hybrid message-and-memory model that allows programs to both share memory and pass messages.We show that the message-and-memory model can leverage the shared memory to become more powerful than the message-passing model in isolation.In this talk, I will exemplify the power of a message-and-memory network by considering the classic consensus problem. I will show that such a network can tolerate more failures when solving consensus than a purely message-passing one. This is true even when limiting shared memory communication to be only between neighbors in a shared memory graph, rather than between every pair of processes. In particular, I will show that graphs with good expansion properties provide a good trade-off between scalability and fault-tolerance in this context, and prove upper and lower bounds on the fault-tolerance of a message-and-memory network.If time permits, I will also discuss how messages and memory together can be used to implement a leader election algorithm that is more robust to network asynchrony than previous algorithms.Based on joint work with Marcos Aguilera, Irina Calciu, Rachid Guerraoui, Erez Petrank, and Sam Toueg.
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