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Potential caspase-myosin interaction as a regulator of asymmetric cell division in Caenorhabditis elegans

Date: Monday, May 6, 2019 11:00 - 12:15
Speaker: Nikhil Mishra (LMU Munich)
Location: Meeting room 2nd floor / Bertalanffy Bldg. (I04.2OG - LAB)
Series: Life Sciences Seminar
Host: Carl-Philipp Heisenberg
Contact: ALESCH Louis

Abstract:

During Caenorhabditis elegans development, 131 somatic cells invariably die in a
controlled manner. Most of these cells die through a process called apoptosis and are
the smaller daughter of a mother cell that divides asymmetrically. In animals with a
reduced asymmetry of the mother cell division, the apoptotic fate is often not
successfully executed, which results in the presence of extra cells. Thus, asymmetric
cell division (ACD) and cell fate specification and execution (including apoptosis) are
functionally linked. However, while the influence of ACD on daughter cell fate has been
widely investigated, it remains unclear if the factors that determine daughter cell fate
also, in turn, govern ACD. During my PhD, I discovered a novel role of the C. elegans
central apoptotic pathway in promoting asymmetry in divisions of mother cells that
produce apoptotic daughters. I found that proapoptotic genes not only ensure that the
apoptotic cells are smaller in size but also that they inherit limited amounts of promitotic
factors. This role is dependent on the protease function of CED-3 caspase. We have
now identified ect-2, which encodes a Rho-GEF, as an interactor of ced-3. Our results
suggest that ect-2 acts downstream of ced-3 and that it may mediate the regulation of
ACD by ced-3. Preliminary results indicate that anisotropic actomyosin contractility in
the mother cell may govern its asymmetric division, and, being a positive regulator of
actomyosin contractility, ect-2 is well-placed to facilitate the regulation of ACD by ced-3.
In my talk, I will discuss the results we have obtained in our attempts to explore this
potential CED-3-Myosin interaction mediated by ECT-2 in the context of asymmetric cell
division.
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